Königstein Fortress(German:Festung Königstein), the “SaxonBastille”, is a hilltopfortressnearDresden, inSaxonSwitzerland,Germany, above the town ofKönigsteinon the left bank of theRiverElbe. It is one of the largest hilltopfortificationsin Europe and sits atop thetable hill of the same name.
The 9.5 hectare rockplateaurises 240 metres above the Elbe and has over 50 buildings, some over 400 years old, that bear witness to the military and civilian life in the fortress. The rampart run of the fortress is 1,800 metres long with walls up to 42 metres high and steepsandstonefaces. In the centre of the site is a 152.5 metre deep well, which is the deepest in Saxony and second deepest well in Europe.